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By 2025, about 75 per cent of the world population
could be living within 100 kilometres of the coast,
and the economic and social welfare of humankind
would depend to a large extent on the ocean¡¯s
productive sectors and services. This volume brings to the fore and documents how coastal communities in
developing countries have coped with enormous challenges that stem from
living with and from the ocean in a sustainable relationship.
The 19 case studies presented in this
publication document the broad ingenuity
and creativity of these coastal
communities in seeking solutions to
mitigate these impacts ¡¡¡¡¨¬¬C which are not
of their making ¡¡¡¡¨¬¬C by developing tools
and measures locally to improve their
prospects for survival and prosperity.
These innovative projects were selected
because of their success and
replicability from among several
projects supported and promoted by the
25 IOI Operational Centres around the
world. The selection of these cases was
further confirmed after a
knowledge-sharing workshop organized in
Malta in November 2007 at which
international experts interacted with
representatives of the local communities
involved in the implementation of these
projects on the ground.
The 19 case studies can be organized into three broad categories:
These are projects that in a modest way indicate how all communities, no matter how
poor or disadvantaged, can contribute to achieving the Millennium Development Goals.
These innovative solutions come from varied regions of the South, including in Africa, Asia
and the Pacific, and Latin America, as well as from the Commonwealth of Independent
States. Locally developed and locally implemented by the coastal communities themselves,
the projects are capable of effecting a direct, positive change in people¡¯s lives.
The projects selected represent many regions: Africa, Asia, Central and South America,
Eastern Europe and the Pacific. All of them are concerned with the livelihoods of the coastal
communities; at least seven of them focus on women while others target children and youth.
Some of these projects have been completed while others are ongoing.